A trip to Rome should certainly include a visit to the ruins of ancient Rome, evidence of the greatness, richness and majesty of the city that once dominated the entire known world.

But how can you find your way around the many monuments and archaeological sites of the Eternal City? Follow the #aspassoconsara guide and include in your visit these 5 monuments / archaeological sites to ensure you visit and learn about the best of Ancient Rome.

 

1) Colosseum

Among the seven wonders of the modern world, it is perhaps the most impressive monument of Ancient Rome. The amphitheatre, built by Vespasian and inaugurated by his son Titus in the first century AD, could hold up to 50,000 people. Used for gladiator fighting, it was later transformed into a large quarry of materials. Its marbles and some of its internal parts were used for the construction of the Basilica of San Pietro and Palazzo Barberini. In 1749, Pope Benedict XIV consecrated him to Christ and the Christian Martyrs.

 

2) Roman Forum and Palatine

The most important archaeological area of Ancient Rome. The Roman Forum was the ancient religious and political centre of ancient Rome, the true beating heart of the city. From the Tarquini, the ancient Etruscan kings who built a system for draining the marshy waters that invaded the area (Cloaca Maxima), to the construction of temples, basilicas and honorary columns … a story that not even the fall of the Western Roman Empire (476 AD), was able to stopThe Palatine, one of the seven hills of Rome, is instead the hill on which Romulus, first of the seven kings, founded the first city of Rome. Beginning with Augustus, the emperors then decided to establish their residence on the hill, which was then enriched with new monumental buildings decorated with precious marbles.

 

Credits: sobreroma.com

 

3) Circus Maximus

Built by Tarquinio Prisco, one of the Seven Kings of Rome, it could accommodate up to 300,000 people. It remained in use until 549 AD. It was used for the racing of chariots that started simultaneously from a series of starting structures called “carceres”. The quadrighe were to perform seven rounds around the central plug. Today it is used as a large public space for events and concerts.

 

Credits: viaggioinbaule.it

 

4) Imperial Forums

Not to be confused with the oldest Roman Forum, they consist of squares built between 46 BC and 113 AD. Surrounded by grandiose buildings, such as temples, basilicas and libraries, they formed the heart of the Rome of the emperors. The archaeological complex, cut into two sections by the opening of the current Via dei Fori Imperiali, was occupied by rural houses in the Middle Ages. Today it is still the subject of numerous studies and archaeological excavations that are highlighting all its beauty.

 

Credits: reidsitaly.com

 

5) Baths of Caracalla

Second only in size to the Baths of Diocletian (306 AD), were built on the small Aventine by the Emperor Caracalla between 212 and 216 AD. They are one of the greatest examples of Roman architecture. For the water supply of the baths, it was necessary to create a branch of the Aqua Marcia. Completely abandoned with the end of the Roman Empire, were the subject of excavation since the sixteenth century AD, returning masterpieces such as the famous Farnese Hercules and Farnese Bull, both at the National Archaeological Museum of Naples.

 

Credits: roma-events.it

 

Posted by Sara Pandozzi

Leave a Reply